Dive Sites Information

Reefs and Diving

The Musandam provides fine coral reef diving. Plankton rich waters attract over 900 species of fish, ranging from tiny cleaner wrasse through to whale sharks. There are over 30 established dive sites although we have listed only the most popular and regularly dived, sites below. As the region is remote, and commercial fishing is not permitted, the biodiversity of marine life is immediately noticeable upon entering the water, and leaves a lasting impression on divers.

The dive sites themselves range in character from walls to extensive coral gardens. The combination of plankton and strong local currents attract a great range of pelagic species, which includes both manta and eagle rays, along with whale sharks. The dive boats are often accompanied by dolphins, which like the calm waters of Musandams fjords.

The dive sites of Musandam deliver world class adventurous diving to experienced divers and inexperienced divers alike. There is diving to suit all qualifications and ages. Due to the low diving impact in the area, the reefs are healthy and marine life flourishes.

Salamah/Great Quoin Island

  • Location: This island lies in the Straits of Hormuz and is approximately 56nm from Dibba Oman port @ a bearing of 189 degrees.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping wall down to sandy bottom.
  • Depth: 10 – 25m
  • Marine life: Leopard sharks galore, round ribbontail rays, great barracuda, giant trevally and turtles. Not a lot of coral here but great for big pelagic viewing.
  • Visibility: 5-30m
  • Temperature: 21-30 degrees Celsius
  • Remarks: It is a long boat ride from Dibba (approximately 2,5 hrs) so it is mandatory to have an emergency action plan for this trip due to its remoteness. Must be dived during slack high tide.

Fanaku Island/Little Quoin Island

  • Location: This is the middle of the three islands in the Straits and lies approximately 56nm from Dibba Oman port @ a bearing of 189 degrees.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping coral reef. In stark contrast to Salamah, this dive site is covered in beautiful soft and hard corals.
  • Depth: 5 – 30+m
  • Marine life: Leopard sharks, round ribbontail rays, turtles, batfish, snapper, giant barracuda, giant trevally, possibility of bull sharks and hammerheads.
  • Visibility: 5 – 30m+
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degrees
  • Remarks: Very close to the Oman military base in the Straits and can only be dived if the vessel is captained by a local Omani. Can have very strong down currents towards the south western side of the island. An incredibly rewarding dive.

Ruqq Swayak

  • Location: Sunken reef located up north of Musandam which is 46.6 nm @ 012 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Wall and combination of slopes with nice soft corals on the reef.
  • Depth: 10 – 40m
  • Marine life: The most common fish seen on this beautiful sunken reef are: king fish, giant trevally, snappers, sweet lips, shoal of barracuda and fusiliers, turtles, rays, parrot fishes and damsel fish in the shallow water.
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Temperature: 24 – 27 degrees Celsius
  • Remarks: There is always current present in the area, so this is applicable only for advanced divers with drift diving experience.

Abu Rashid

  • Location: Island located north of the Musandam Peninsula which is 46.9 nm @ 194 degrees from Dibba Port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Combination of wall and sloping coral reef.
  • Depth: 10 – 40m
  • Marine life: The most common seen in the area are fusiliers, turtle, eagle ray, King fish and if you are lucky you might see a white tip shark as well. Beautiful soft corals are in abundance here.
  • Visibility: 10 – 20 meters
  • Temperature: 25 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Remarks: Strong currents are present during tidal movements (high and low tide). Extreme care must be taken when diving this site and having a guide with you is highly recommended here.

Kachalu/Pop Rock

  • Location: Island located north of the Musandam Peninsula which is 46.8 nm @ 197 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Coral reef that gently slopes down to 15-18m and then becomes a vertical wall.
  • Depth:10 – 40+ m
  • Marine life: There are so many things to see in the area: Giant trevally, eagle ray, devil ray, barracuda, Pinjalo, shoals of jack fish, snappers, sweet lips, moray eels and if you are lucky you might see the hammer head and white tip sharks.
  • Visibility: 10 – 20m
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Remarks: Due to the islands location, there is always current present here except during slack high tide which is the best time to dive it. Be wary of down currents and having a guide with local knowledge is almost a certainty. Not for the faint hearted.

Ras Musandam

  • Location: The south side of Jazirat Musandam which is 45.6 nm @ 198 Degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Very shallow but incredibly beautiful coral gardens in the middle of the island but gets progressively deeper as you near the south western point.
  • Depth: 10 – 35m
  • Marine life: Red snappers, king fish, whale sharks, eagle ray, turtle, and shoal of jack fish, huge honeycomb eels, barracuda and fusiliers sometimes if you are lucky you might see Leopard shark in the area.
  • Visibility: 10 – 20m
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Remarks: This will require an advance diver because there is always strong current present in the area. It is not a problem to go along with the Current. Just beware of the down and up current because this will lead you in danger especially if you are not an experienced diver. Entry from the South east and you could go with the current and swim along the reef which is on your left side.

Mushroom Rock

  • Location: This is a submerged reef located between Red and Black Island. This is inside Sheesa Bay which is 39.5 nm @ 193 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Table top like reef with sloping walls and an underwater ridge on the eastern side.
  • Depth: 5 – 25 m
  • Marine life: There are so many different kind of marine life in the area, lots of fusiliers, barracuda, jacks, parrot fishes, king fish, sting ray, scorpion fish, bat fish, damsel fish and honeycomb eel.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 10 – 15m
  • Remarks: Best dived on a slack high tide as there can be a current present. Either a GPS or landmark triangulation is needed to locate this sunken reef.

Red Island

  • Location: Red island is located in the middle of Sheesa Bay which is 38.8 nm @ 194 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Gentle sloping coral reef down to a sandy bottom.
  • Depth: 3 – 25m
  • Marine life: There are so many fish in this area such as barracuda, jacks, angel fish, turtles, cuttle fish, sting ray, lobster and shoals of fusiliers.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 10 – 20m
  • Remarks: There is a mild current on the northern and southern corners. Great for a night dive.

Ras Alull

  • Location: Ras Alull is inside Sheesa Bay which is 37.1 nm @ 194 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping wall full of soft corals in the shallow area.
  • Depth: 5 – 25m
  • Marine life: Barracuda, eagle rays, porcupine fish, jacks, sting ray, turtle, and if you are lucky, you might see leopard and white tip shark.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: Great dive is there is a lot of current in the Sheesa area. Shallow entry down to 4m and then gradually getting deeper as you near the corner. Some great coral pinnacles in the area as well.

Ras Arous

  • Location: Ras Arous is the second point inside Sheesa Bay which is 37.3 nm @ 196 degrees form Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: It’s a beautiful slope with lots of soft corals.
  • Depth: 5 – 25m
  • Marine life: This area is similar to Ras Alull with lots of fusiliers, jacks, sting ray turtle and eagle rays.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: Another sheltered site suitable for all levels of experience.

Ras Kaisha South

  • Location: Ras Kaisha is the mouth of Sheesa bay (Musandam) which is 37.2 nm @ 197 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Wall combination of slopes with beautiful soft corals.
  • Depth: 10 – 35m
  • Marine life: Mola-Mola, whale sharks, eels, wrasse, parrot fish, tuna, and big-eye trevally.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 8 – 20m
  • Remarks: Drop in with your left shoulder to the reef and dive towards the eastern point. There is a sump in the middle of the dive and care must be taken here when there is current present as it creates a whirlpool effect.

Ras Kaisha North

  • Location: The southern point and entry into Sheesa Bay and is 37.2 nm @ 197 degrees from Dibba port.
  • Type of dive site: Gently sloping coral wall down to a sandy bottom.
  • Depth: 5 – 25 meters
  • Marine life: Cow tail rays, whip gobies, parrot fish, lion fish, snapper and angel fish.
  • Temperature: 21 –30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: Because this has a large area to dive, it is a great option for diving when the currents are strongest.

Hard Rock Café/Temple Island

  • Location: A pinnacle rising up to 10m above sea level and separated from the mainland just north of Ras Bashin and is 35.7 nm @ 197 degrees from Dibba port Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Gradually sloping reef down to a sandy bottom all the way around the rock. Has a wrecked dhow located on the eastern side in 20m of water.
  • Depth: 5 – 25m
  • Marine life: A lot of fish and different kinds of marine life in this area such as shoal of jack fish, fusiliers, rainbow fish, angel fish, bat fish, sting ray lobster, sometimes marble ray and leopard shark and eagle ray.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: Start your dive entry of this rock in the North and swim around the Island. The reef will be at your right side. After 15 to 20 minutes of your dive, you probably encountered the mild current at the corner but just ignore it until you can turned and go with the current. Exit will be somewhere at your entry area.

Ras Bashin

  • Location: Ras Bashin is the mouth of Shaboos Bay North which is 34.4 nm @ 197 Degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: A combination of a sandy bottom reef becoming a sloping reef teeming with soft corals.
  • Depth: 4-25m
  • Marine life: Bat fish, butterfly fish, angel fish, mantis shrimp, eels, trigger fish.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 20m
  • Remarks: Start dive with your right shoulder facing the reef (current dependant) and dive towards the head of the bay.

Umm Al Fayyarin

  • Location: This off-shore island is located between Habellyn and Shaboos bays which is 35.0 nm @ 201 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping coral reef becoming more vertical on the N/S points and table corals at 5 – 10m.
  • Depth: 10 – 40 meters
  • Marine life: Barracuda (giant), cow tail rays, torpedo rays, snappers, eagle rays, eels, mola-mola, whale sharks.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 10 – 25m
  • Remarks: One of the best dives in the musandam. However due to its location, it must be dived with an accompanying guide with local knowledge.

Ras Dillah

  • Location: Ras Dillah is opposite of Ras Sarkan/mouth of Haballyn (north) which is 31.4 nm @ 198 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping coral reef down to a sandy bottom.
  • Depth: 10 – 40m
  • Marine life: Sea life is abundant of this area. A lot of snappers, parrot fish, barracuda, turtle, sting ray, whale shark.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 10 – 25m
  • Remarks: Start your dive on the inside of Habellyn bay with your left shoulder facing the reef. Care must be taken as there can be down currents on the point.

Ras Sarkan

  • Location: Ras Sharkan is the mouth of Haballyn bay (south) which is 28.3 nm @ 203 degrees from Dibba port Of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Gradually sloping coral reef becoming a vertical wall at the headland.
  • Depth: 10 – 40m
  • Marine life: There are so many things to see in the area such as shoal of barracuda, jack fish, bat fishes, fusiliers, parrot fish, turtle, sting ray, marble ray and if you are lucky you might see a white tip shark.
  • Temperature: 23 – 26 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 10 – 20m
  • Remarks: Be mindful of the net on the point as there is the possibility of entanglement. Another of the top dive sites in the region. Start dive inside the bay and dive with right shoulder to the reef.

Ras Samid

  • Location: Ras Samid is the mouth of Khor Qabal (south) which is 24.2 nm @ 200 degrees from Dibba port Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping coral reef down to a sandy bottom.
  • Depth: 5 – 16m
  • Marine life: Shoals of barracuda and fusilier, bat fish, cuttle fish, lobsters and turtle.
  • Temperature: 23 – 27 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: This is a shallow area applicable for the 3rd /night dive in a day. Beautiful soft corals can be seen. Start your dive entry from the interior of the bay and swim towards East/Ras Samid.

Octopus Rock

  • Location: This off-shore pinnacle lies between Khor Qabal and Morovi Island which is 22.9 nm @ 202 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: A combination of sloping reef, underwater pinnacles and ridges.
  • Depth: 14 – 32m
  • Marine life: Barracuda, batfish, triggerfish, tuna, big-eye trevally, whale sharks, nudibranchs, lion fish, cuttle fish, anemone fish, eels and prolific soft corals..
  • Temperature: 22 – 26 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 20m
  • Remarks: An excellent dive site with a variety of routes to choose from which in turn allows for all experience levels to dive here.

Morovi Island

  • Location: This dive site is separated from the mainland which is 21.2 nm @ 202 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: The north east of this Island is wall. And in the west coast is a beautiful sloping coral reef.
  • Depth: 10 – 35m
  • Marine life: Cleaning station, sea horse, eagle rays, scorpion fish, barracuda, angel fish, parrot fish, nudibranchs, snapper, trigger fish, lion fish, eels and whale shark.
  • Temperature: 22 – 26 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: There are some current in the channel which came from the north. Start your dive entry at the north side of this island and go with the current either on the left or in the right side of the reef. Another of the top sites that the musandam boasts.

Ras Morovi

  • Location: This is the mainland site and lies just west (approximately 60m) from Morovi Island.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping coral reef down to a sandy bottom.
  • Depth: 5-24m
  • Marine life: Devil rays, cow tail rays, eagle rays, nudibranchs, pipe fish, turtles, lion fish, trigger fish, cone shells, leopard shark and the best coral garden in the musandam waters.
  • Temperature: 21 – 30 degrees Celsius.
  • Visibility: 5 – 20m
  • Remarks: Excellent dive, great night dive alternative as well, can encounter a current as you enter the channel.

Lima Rock - North

  • Location: This is the first off-shore island we encounter as one heads north from Dibba and near the Lima village. It is 20.5 nm @ 208 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping wall with lots of swim throughs and a cavern towards the western point..
  • Depth:5 – 30m
  • Marine life: There are so many things to see in the area such as turtle, sting ray scorpion fish, stone fish, and electric ray. Shoaling batfish and trevally can be seen on the western point.
  • Temperature: 22 – 26 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: A good dive to do in the afternoon as the sun will be at the correct angle.

Lima Rock - South

  • Location: 20.4 nm @ 208 degrees from Dibba port of Oman
  • Type of dive site: Combination of sloping coral wall and vertical wall. Has coral pinnacles dotted around the site as well.
  • Depth: 10 – 45m
  • Marine life: Whale shark, tuna, big-eye trevally, friendly bat fish, barracuda, cobia, turtle, king fish, anemone fish, honeycomb moray eels, stunning thistle coral.
  • Temperature: 22 – 26 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 10 – 20m
  • Remarks: One of the favourite dive sites but care must be taken as there are strong currents in the area including down currents. Use the plant life as an indicator for currents here.

Ras Lima

  • Location: Ras Lima is 1.13 kilometers away from Lima village which is 20.2 nm @ 208 degrees from Dibba port Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Sloping reef with the soft corals.
  • Depth: 5 – 18 meters
  • Marine life: Cow tail rays, harlequin shrimp, turtle, whip goby, coral grouper and nudibranchs.
  • Temperature: 22 – 25 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m.
  • Remarks: This is a shallow area applicable for the 3rd /night dive. Beautiful soft corals can be seen. Start your dive entry from the interior of the bay and swim towards east/Ras Lima. The reef will be at your right side.

Sannat Cave

  • Location: Sannat cave is 14.5 nm @ 206 degrees from Dibba port of Oman.
  • Type of dive site: Limestone cavern.
  • Depth: 5 – 16m
  • Marine life: Turtle, eagle rays, torpedo rays, squid, coral crabs, cardinal fish, and big-eye soldier fish are some of the critters here.
  • Temperature: 22 - 26 degree Celsius
  • Visibility: 5 – 15m
  • Remarks: This dive site is best for your 3rd dive in a day. Although this is a cavern, it is not considered an overhead environment as it has unrestricted access to the surface throughout. Once you exit the cavern there are some awesome swim throughs if you turn left and follow the reef.

Please note that all degrees are headings and not bearings.